Kaspersky Lab has developed a secure online voting system based on block chain technology
The concept of online voting refers to many aspects of modern society. Universities, companies and communities want to know their members' opinions, but they are often separated from them by a large geographical distance or do not want to volunteer to physically vote. On the other hand, the risk of making critical online choices is high because large-scale Internet voting opens up huge opportunities for cybercriminals to manipulate results. During the ongoing Cyber Security Weekend organized by Kaspersky Lab, a discussion took place with the participation of experts from Kaspersky Lab, Agriledger and Richtopia, which addressed the topic of securing the online voting process and guaranteeing that the voices would not be changed by anyone outside or inside.
During the discussion, Kaspersky Lab presented an experimental project called "Polys", a new commercial product developed as part of the internal initiative of Kaspersky Lab Business Incubator, to enable safe, anonymous and scalable online voting without the ability to change results by participants or organizers.
Wartan Minasjan, director of investment and innovation, Kaspersky Lab, said:
In Kaspersky Lab Business Incubator, we support both internal and external teams in the development of ideas and technologies in which security plays an important role. One of such areas is online voting. By investigating the possible applications of block chain technology, our team realized that this mechanism, combined with the company's expertise in cybersecurity, could solve key issues related to privacy, transparency and the security of online voting. We are excited that we have been able to prepare the right environment for this internal innovation.
Polys is based on intelligent contracts in the Ethereum cryptographic (sometimes referred to as Blockchain 2.0), which allow verification of voting and counting votes in a decentralized way. The security benefits of voting based on block chain technology are significant:
- Thanks to the decentralization of the block chain, network participants can verify the correctness of voting. All voting data is stored not on servers, but in information blocks on computers of all network participants. In order to remove them, the hacker would have to break into all computers and gain access to individual data sets.
- The block chain technology enables the voter to check that his or her vote has been correctly registered, which will automatically result in the falsification of voting results.
- Transparency of the technology makes it easier to monitor the voting and to conduct an audit of voting by independent persons.
- The voting mechanism does not require additional resources or the physical presence of staff.
An additional innovation of the Polys solution is depriving it of the limitations typical for other solutions based on block chain technology:
- As part of the Polys voting system, the block chain is encrypted and supported by mathematical algorithms. They help to ensure anonymity, hide intermediate results and perform calculations on encrypted data, which is not possible in other systems based on block chain technology due to its dispersed and open nature.
- The Polys source code is publicly available, so that any block chain technology enthusiast, penetration tester or e-voting supporter can test, verify and investigate on the GitHub website the technology on which it is based: https://github.com/polys- vote / polys-protocol.
People who want to try out a new service can take advantage of the free freemium offer. Polys also offers a tailor-made platform that is fully scalable, with the option of involving thousands of voters, and can be tailored to specific requirements in terms of authorization, interface design or integration with other services.
More information on the solutions and technologies used in the Polys project can be found at https://polys.me.
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